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how coal required for ton clinker produced

  • Cement kiln - Wikipedia

    Typical large systems installed in the early 1970s had cyclones 6 m in diameter, a rotary kiln of 5 x 75 m, making 2500 tonnes per day, using about 0.11-0.12 tonnes of coal fuel for every tonne of clinker produced. A penalty paid for the efficiency of suspension preheaters is their tendency to block up.

  • Use of coal as a fuel in cement plants and its impact on ...

    76.36 g of coal should be pulverized with raw meal to produce one kilogram of the clinker, which is equivalent to 1.55 kg of the raw mix. This can also be calculated that for one kilogram of raw meal, 49.27g of coal is required. But the observed heat required in cement kiln is 850 kcal/kg, which is almost double to that 420 kcal/kg.

  • Clinker Making | Industrial Efficiency Technology & Measures

    For Chinese context, this option holds the potential to reduce CO 2 emissions by 38 to 47 kg for every ton of clinker produced. Investments in the range of US $9.4-28 per annual ton clinker may be required. Payback times are usually less than 5 years. In India, the payback times are reported to be less than 3 years. Commercial

  • Energy Consumption Benchmark Guide: Cement Clinker Production

    Canadian cement clinker production capacity is about 14.1 million tonnes per year. In 1998, clinker production totalled 12 million tonnes for a capacity use of 85 percent. With more than 1100 ready-mixed and other plants across the country using Portland cement to make concrete, the industry employs some 22 000 people and generates more than $3 ...

  • a. Pre-Calciner Tower | Cement Production

    A rotary kiln of 6 x 100 m makes 8,00010,000 tonnes per day, using about 0.10-0.11 tonnes of coal fuel for every tonne of clinker produced. The kiln is dwarfed by the massive preheater tower and cooler in these installations. Such a kiln produces 3 million tonnes of clinker per year, and consumes 300,000 tonnes of coal.

  • Cement Process & Energy Saving - ECCJ

    required for production of 1 ton of Cement Limestone 1,095 Clay 204 Silica 78 Iron-ore 30 Gypsum 34 total 1,439 Raw Materials (kg) (*1) : kg of coal equivalent where HHV of coal is 6,200 kcal/kg. Electric power (kWh) 99 Fuel (*1) 105 Energy Consumption Heavy oil 4 Combustible waste 5 Petroleum coke 13 Coal 78 Fuel by kind (%) Base : 1 ton of cement

  • amount of clinker required to get million tonne of cement

    How coal required for ton clinker produced limestone requirement for ton clinker on making ton of cement how many clinker in ton neededOn making ton lime stone required to clinker produced and is output,about ton ton coal shall be chat with sales gtgtchat online lime stone required to produce tonne cement clinker.

  • On Making 1 Ton Of Cement How Many Clinker In Ton Needed

    How Coal Required For 1 Ton Clinker Produced. Iron ore required to produce 1 ton of clinker for cementron ore required to produce ton of clinker for cement on making 1 ton of cement how many clinker in ton needed on making 1 ton of cement how many clinker in ton , contact supplier how much coal is required to make cement - , get more info.

  • Setting up of modalities for normative coal requirement in ...

    the range of 690- 750 kcal/ kg of clinker production. Normally all such kilns are equipped with multistage Preheater and precalciner. For each of the processes mean specific energy consumption figures were taken into account for evaluation of grade wise coal requirement per ton of clinker production in cement plant.

  • How much clinker is required to make one ton of cement ...

    Your question is very complicated 1 Calculation of the amount of fly ash in clinker: Assuming clinker heat consumption =780 kcal / kg of coal, coal air dry base calorific value of Qnet, ad=5900 kcal 8/ kg of coal, air dry base ash Aad=12% The amou...

  • Clinkerization - Cement Plant Optimization

    Specific Power Consumption in kwh/ton-clinker. ... (LSF) is the ratio of the actual amount of lime in raw meal/clinker to the theoretical lime required by the major oxides (SiO 2, Al 2 O 3 and Fe 2 O 3) in the raw mix or clinker. ... Burning is more uniform and hence clinker produced is also uniform in quality.

  • Coal utilisation in the cement and concrete industries ...

    Jan 01, 2013· If 25 tonnes of coal with an ash content of 15% was required to produce 100 tonnes of clinker and we assume that 75% of the coal ash reports to the clinker, then the contribution of the coal ash to clinker constituents is: Coal ash reporting to clinker = 25 × 0.15 × 0.75 = 2.8 tonnes

  • Clinker Making | Industrial Efficiency Technology & Measures

    For Chinese context, this option holds the potential to reduce CO 2 emissions by 38 to 47 kg for every ton of clinker produced. Investments in the range of US $9.4-28 per annual ton clinker may be required. Payback times are usually less than 5 years. In India, the payback times are reported to be less than 3 years. Commercial

  • limestone requirement for 1 ton clinker

    The functional unit is the production of 1 ton of clinker. ..... Important note: The heat requirement in the base case is defined ... Get Price Here ! ... how coal required for 1 ton clinker produced ... Get Price Here ! INTERNATIONAL INDUSTRIAL MARKETS MANAGEMENT .

  • Clinkerization - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

    The decarbonation of limestone to give the calcium required to form silicates and aluminates in clinker releases roughly 0.53 t CO 2 per ton of clinker [8]. In 2005, cement production (total cementitious sales including ordinary Portland cement (OPC) and OPC blends) had an average emission intensity of 0.89 with a range of 0.650.92 t CO 2 ...

  • Coal for cement: Present and future trends

    Mar 01, 2016· Some 20Mt of coal is required for cement production in the north of China in the winter, but this drops to 16Mt in the summer. Cement plants in north China produce cement at full capacity in the winter when energy supplies end and building operations start. ... Clinker factor: The use of alternative cementitious materials reduces the amount of ...

  • Cement clinker - Wikipedia

    Cement clinker is a solid material produced in the manufacture of Portland cement as an intermediary product. Clinker occurs as lumps or nodules, usually 3 millimetres (0.12 in) to 25 millimetres (0.98 in) in diameter. It is produced by sintering (fusing together without melting to the point of liquefaction) limestone and aluminosilicate materials such as clay during the cement kiln stage.

  • Energy Consumption Benchmark Guide: Cement Clinker

    that coal and natural gas have held their place as the dominant fuels for generating process heat in the industry. Coal 41% Electricity 11% Waste Fuels 2% Heavy Fuel Oil 4% Natural Gas 27% Coke 3% Petro Coke 12% Figure 1. Clinker Production Fuel Use 19901992 Average Figure 2. Clinker Production Fuel Use 19961998 Average Coal 41% ...

  • iron ore required to produce 1 ton of clinker for cement

    consumption), which involves clinker production in large kilns. In most .... and iron oxides required for the manufacture of portland cement. ... of silicon oxides or iron oxides by adding quartz sand and iron ore, respectively. ... More than 1.5 tons of raw materials are required to produce one ton of portland cement (Greer et. Read more

  • on making 1 ton of cement, how many clinker (in ton) needed

    CO2 emissions, reducing clinker/cement ratio by replacing clinker with ..... native fuels found to be used by many cement industries around ... is presented in Table 1 for few selected countries. ... about 0.91.0 tons of CO2 are produced for a ton of clinker depend-.

  • What Causes Clinkers in Coal Fired Boilers? | Hunker

    Clinkers have been a recurring problem in all coal-fired boilers for as long as humans have operated coal boilers. Clinkers occur in small stoves used for heating a home and in giant commercial/industrial boilers. Clinkers, also known as slag, consist of the noncombustible elements and minerals found in coal that melt and fuse together as lumpy ...

  • NCV 2 9 2012 - US EPA

    clinker production or increase any regulated compounds' emission rates above their significant ... required) with waste oil, coal, and tired derived fuel in cement kiln no. 6. The hourly/yearly rates of paniculate matter, PMio, NOx, CO, sulfur dioxide and VOC emissions will not change.

  • How much coal is required to generate 1 MWH of electricity?

    Mar 09, 2017· The quality of coal. Since we are converting the energy in coal to electricity, we need to know the energy content of coal. A quick googling tells me that the energy content of coal is given in terms of MegaJoules (Mj) per Kilogram (kg) of coal as the Gross calorific value (GCV) or the Higher Heating value (HHV).

  • Permit Summary Addition of a Kiln and Related

    B. Overall Production Limit . 160.4 tons/hr clinker (24-hour rolling average) 1,405,104 ton/yr clinker (any consecutive 12-month period) C. Authorized Fuels . Authorized fuels may include, but not to be limited to, coal, fuel oil, natural gas, petroleum coke, landfill gas, on

  • How Much CO2 Gets Emitted to Build a Wind Turbine? STOP ...

    Aug 16, 2014· Thanks, @stopthesethings for having a wonderful presentation on how much carbon wind turbine is going to produce. Lets say you are right (i believe you are) that a wind turbine manufacturing produces 241.85 ton of CO2. Now consider this. A coal-fired plant will produce 0.94kgCO2eq/kWh. [1] To release 241.85 ton CO2, it will have to generate:

  • Alternative Fuels in Cement Manufacturing | IntechOpen

    Aug 09, 2011· Cement production is an energy-intensive process consuming thermal energy of the order of 3.3 GJ/tonne of clinker produced, which accounts for 30 40 percent of production costs (Giddings et al., 2000; EC, 2001). Worldwide, coal is the predominant fuel burned in cement kilns.

  • how much coal is required to bring for 1 tonne of clinker ...

    Dec 27, 2012· Furthermore, a larger kiln was needed for a given clinker output, and used about 0.250.30 tonnes of coal fuel for every tonne of clinker produced.

  • Re: Raw meal to clinker ratio - Page 2 of 5

    A = (Tonnes coal fired * % ash of coal fired) / (tonnes of clinker produced) (NOTE: 'coal fired' above means raw coal expressed on an air-dried basis. This is because fine coal from the the coal mill usually has 4-5% of raw meal dust contamination from the hot gases ex the preheater top cyclones.


    It is estimated that in 2019 78,000,000 metric tons of clinker was produced in the US and hence, the plant sample represents about 68% of all US clinker production [13]. The plant average raw meal to clinker ratio is 1.59. The average total renewable and non-renewable primary energy required to produce a metric ton of clinker

  • Emissions from the Cement Industry

    May 09, 2012· Cement manufacturing is highly energy- and emissions-intensive because of the extreme heat required to produce it. Producing a ton of cement requires 4.7 million BTU of energy, equivalent to about 400 pounds of coal, and generates nearly a ton of CO 2. Given its high emissions and critical importance to society, cement is an obvious place to ...

  • COAL CONSUMPTION - Page 1 of 1

    Dec 01, 2009· Re: COAL CONSUMPTION. Well, the link is the calorific value of the coal, specifically, the Lower Heat Value. It is usually in the range 5500-7500 kcal/kg of (dry) coal (depending on coal type and characteristics). All you need to do is multiply the 105 kcal/kg clinker economy by the annual production of clinker.

  • Clinker Crusher Price Per Ton - Musikschule Bad Dürrheim

    Coal require for 1 ton of clinker artica technologyeu limestone requirement for 1 ton clinker pakistan crusher stone how much coal is required to produce 1 ton clinker in simsbury connecticut united stat get info how much limestone to make clinker industriarteu.clinker price per ton .jun 03 2019183 this video is unavailable watch.

  • What You Should Know About Metallurgical Coal

    Aug 21, 2020· Approximately 1.5 metric tons of metallurgical coal are required to produce one metric ton (1,000 kilograms) of coke. Coke in Steelmaking Basic oxygen furnaces (BOF), which account for 70% of steel production worldwide, require iron ore , coke, and fluxes as feed material in steel production.

  • how to calculate amount of coal required to produce clinker

    Jul 21, 2012· What are Cement Clinkers? wiseGEEK: clear answers for Jul 21, 2012 · such as fly ash from coal burning, furnace slag, and other industrial byproducts. what amount of clinker is required to produce 1 ton of cement? »More detailed

  • CO2 Emissions Profile of the U.S. Cement Industry

    Cement production also is a key source of CO2 emissions, due in part to the significant reliance on coal and petroleum coke to fuel the kilns for clinker production. Globally, CO2 emissions from cement production were estimated at 829 MMTCO2 in 2000 7, approximately 3.4% of global CO 2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion and cement production.

  • Pet coke in cement clinker - SlideShare

    Jul 11, 2015· * One way to do this by increasing the alkali content of the clinker, perhaps by the addition of feldspar to the raw mix, as this has the required effect on the flux viscosity. * However, many producers go to great lengths to produce low alkali clinker and this

  • Cement factory production line clinker burning regulations ...

    Oct 21, 2019· The clinker burning part of the cement factory production line mainly consists of: preheater system, decomposition furnace, bypass windproof system, kiln tail high temperature fan, exhaust gas treatment system, rotary kiln, firing system, etc. What are the requirements? Lets take a closer look! The preheater system should be arranged in accordance with the following regulations:

  • How Will You Be Determining Your Clinker Production Rate ...

    Apr 15, 2015· A few PC MACT emission limits, such as particulate matter (PM) and mercury (Hg), are in units of pounds of pollutant per mass of clinker produced [i.e., lb/ton clinker or lb/million (MM) tons clinker]. Also, lets not forget to include the emission limits that dont appear in Table 1 of the rule.

  • What is Cement Clinker? Composition, Types & Uses - Civil ...

    Clinker is a nodular material produced in the kilning stage during the production of cement and is used as the binder in many cement products. The lumps or nodules of clinker are usually of diameter 3-25 mm and dark grey in color. It is produced by heating limestone and clay to the point of liquefaction at about 1400°C-1500°C in the rotary kiln. ...

  • Waste Heat Recovery in Cement plant - IJERT Journal

    are shown in Fig. 1 Based on the coal composition, the net heat value has been found to be 30,600kJ/kg-coal. The stream data obtained from the plant is used to perform a mass balance over the system. It is usually more convenient to define mass/energy data per kg clinker produced

  • Carbon Dioxide Emission Factors for Coal

    Subbituminous coal is the predominant rank of coal produced west of the Mississippi River, accounting for 62 percent of the region's total coal output in 1992. Subbituminous coal in Wyoming's Powder River Basin, the principal source of this rank of coal, has an emission factor

  • Applied Thermal Engineering

    For each ton of clinker produced, an equivalent amount of greenhouse gases are emitted [2,3]. Cement ... about 1500 C. Pulverized coal is burnt in the rotary kiln to reach the required reaction temperature. After the combustion and the reactions inside the kiln, clinker, the semi product of cement is ...